Training Methodology
  • Participatory

  • Batch participation

  • Field oriented

  • Skill Development oriented

 

 

 

 

 
Steps involved in the Training
  • Field observations

  • Data analysis

  • Chart or Pictorial preparation

  • Group Presentation

  • Discussion

 

 

 

 

In the case of Integrated Urban Pest Management (UIPM):

  • All the urban pests, viz., mosquitoes, cockroaches, flies, rodents etc. are covered.

  • The Exercises include laboratory diagnosis, field inspection, data collection, analysis, current practices, costraint analysis and planning UIPM measures

  • Awareness Creation Programs to Administrators - Extension strategies of Urban Pest and Vector Management in Local Bodies of India

 

Development of Curricula

Before the initiation of the capacity building programs, curricula for the programs were formulated through National Workshops inviting Scientists, University faculty, Senior Extension officers etc. After thorough discussion, different aspects to be included in the curriculum are finalized. Curricula for following programs were developed:

  • Developed curricula on rodent pest management in under Graduate and Post Graduate courses in Agriculture, Horticulture and Veterinary sciences

  • Developed curricula on Rodent Pest Management for Training of Farmer Trainers to increase lateral spread of the technology among farming community (for PR China and India)

  • Developed curriculum for Urban Integrated Pest Management for training programs to the supervisory level professionals of Structural Pest Management industry

  • Developed the curriculum for organizing Farmers' Field Schools focusing on rodent pest management in rodent endemic areas (for PR China and India)

  • Developing Qualification Pack with 15 National Occupational Standards for Self Employable Skill Development Program on Structural Pest and Vector Management to provide qualified Pest Management Professionals to the Country.

 

Farmers' Field Schools in Integrated Pest Management 

The curriculum developed involving different stakeholders was tested in the Farmers Field School conducted in Andhra Pradesh, India as a Pilot Project. The program has 14-week field activities, each week one day to 30 farmers in one rodent endemic village and significant results could be achieved as given in later pages. The component of rodent pest management was integrated with the activities of general Integrated Pest Management.

 

Capacity Building Achievements

  • Planned and Organized number of participatory and skill development oriented on-farm training programs on field rodent pest management for extension functionaries from 1981

  • Planned and Organized number of capacity building programs on commensal rodent management in rural and storage situations to the functionaries of Warehouses and Pest Control professionals

  • Planned and Organized 15-day Urban Integrated Pest Management trainings and Master Trainers’ Training for the Structural Pest Management professionals

  • Organized Training cum Workshops on Integrated Pest Management under FAO-India Inter Country Program

  • Organized one Season Long Training programs on Groundnut IPM under UNDP Program

  • Organized for Haffkine Institute, Mumbai a training on URBAN RODENT PEST MANAGEMENT for Structural Pest Management Professional

Teaching and Performance Evaluation

Teaching M.Sc as well as Ph.D students for Environmental Sciences, Ecology and Wildlife Biology subjects for Osmania, Andhra and Sri Venkateswara Universities. Conducted  Performance Evaluation of M.Sc., M.Phil and Ph.D students in Environmental Sciences, Entomology, Zoology and Vertebrate Biology for Osmania, Andhra, Sri Venkateswara, Jawaharlal Nehru Agricultural, Anna (Madras), Jodhpur and Punjab Agricultural Universities. Also Question Paper setter for some of these universities for Final M.Sc and Pre Ph.D examinations. Referee for renowned National and International Journals including Elsevier Publications.

 

National Training Programs

  • Organized a number of 7-day National Training Programs on Rodent Pest Management from 1981 onwards to the middle level field extension functionaries of Agricultural Departments of India. The programs include rodent damage assessment, its appraisal, rodent surveillance, options for their management, rodenticides, their toxicity, judicious use, baiting techniques and planning anti rodent campaigns.

  • Organized 3-day Apex Level Training programs for Senior Level Extension Officers of Agriculture Departments and faculty of Agricultural Universities. These programs are basically meant for supervisory level officers who will be implimenting rodent control campaigns.

  • Organized 21-day Summer Institute on Vertebrate Pest Management for teaching faculty and research scientists as introductory to vertebrate pest management aspects in the Under Graduate and Post Graduate curricula of Agriculture and Horticultural courses.

 

In State Training Programs

Had experience of above 20 years in organization of in State In Situ Training programs on Rodent Pest Management. These programs are organized in the endemic pocket of respective State or Union Territory of India to give Art of Technology to the field extension functionaries on Integrated Rodent Pest Management to tackle rodent problem in their areas. The States include Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Goa, Gujarat, Sikkim, Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, UTs of Lakshadweep A and Andaman and Nicobar Islands. This also facilitated development of more trained extension personnel in the rodent endemic areas. Training programs were given for other organizations like ICRISAT, CWC, FCI, State Farms Corporation of India etc. on request. The details are provided below:

 

The States where these programs were organized include:

 

1. Andaman and Nicobar UT, 

2. Andhra Pradesh, 

3. Arunachal Pradesh, 

4. Assam, 

5. Bihar, 

6. Goa

7. Gujarat, 

8. Jammu and Kashmir, 

9. Karnataka, 

10. Kerala, 

11. lakshadweep UT 

12. Manipur, 

13. Meghalaya, 

14. Mizoram, 

15. Nagaland,

16. Pondicherry

17. Sikkim, 

18. Tamil Nadu, 

19. Tripura, 

20. Uttaranchal and 

21. Uttar Pradesh. 

 

On the request of Ministry of Agriculture, capacity building was provided to the technical personnel of Centre-State Farms Corporation of India (SFCIL) due to havoc created by rodents during 2002 to 2005 in their Farms of Rajasthan and Haryana. Organized Hands on Training to Public health and Sanitation functionaries of Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams (TTD), Tirumala during 2005 and 2006 on the directions of Plant Protection Adviser to Government of India and request of the Executive Officer

 

Training manuals were prepared as guide notes to the participants in these programs.

 

Manuals Produced for Different States of the Country

 

2010    Andaman and Nicobar        Rodent Problem in Andaman and Nicobar Islands and its Management 

 

2009    Andhra Pradesh                  Rodent Problem and its management: Guidelines for Extension Officials.

 

2008    Lakshadweep                      Rodent problem in coconut and its management

            Assam                                   Rodent pests and their management in Assam

 

2006    Arunachal Pradesh             Rodent pests and their management

            Andaman &Nicobar            Rodent pests and their management

            Meghalaya                           Rodent problem in context with gregarious bamboo flowering and its management

            Gujarat                                 Rodent related problems and management

            Jammu and Kashmir          Rodent pests and their management

 

2005   Assam                                   Rodent pests and their management in Assam

           Uttaranchal                           Rodent pests and their management

           SFCIL                                    Rodent problem in SFCIL farms in Rajasthan and its management

 

2004  SFCIL                                    Rodent problem in SFCIL farm, Hisar and its management

          Jammu and Kashmir            Rodent pests and their management

          Mizoram                                Rodent Problem in NOrth-eastern states and its management

                                                         

2002  Apex Level Training             Rodent Pest Management

          SFCIL                                    Rodent pest management for SFCIL Farms in Western Rajasthan

 

2001  Goa                                        Rodent pests and their management

          Tamil Nadu                          Rodent pests and their management

 

1999   Lakshadweep                       Rodent pests and their management in Lakshadweep islands

1993   Pondicherry                          Rodent pests and their management

 

1992   Uttar Pradesh                       Rodent pests and their management

 

1991   Tamil Nadu                           State training on Rodent Control                       

FIELD ORIENTED SKILL DEVELOPMENT

EXPOSURES ON RODENT BIOLOGY

TRAINING WORKSHOP ON 23-24 JANUARY, 2017

Rodent Control Campaign in Chattishgarh January, 2015

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Research Accomplishments

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  •  

D   Standardization of wheat Rodent Damage                         Evaluation of Tom Cat Process of Fumigation

 

  • Published 62 papers including research papers, review articles, brochures and 5 chapters in  books on vertebrate pest management, especially rodent

  • Submitted 15 Technical Reports to Government of India on various aspects of rodent pest problems and their management

  • Produced 20 Training Manuals on Rodent Pest Management with art of technology for the benefit of various States/UTs.

  • Guided students for their research on wild animals, birds and rodents for their role in agriculture and ecological management.. Also produced 3 Ph.D students on topics of extension importance for integrated rodent management. In addition, guided about 100 students for adoptive research on rodent pest management to fulfill the requirement for the award of Post Graduate Diploma in Plant Protection.

  • Organized 4 All India Workshops in rodent/vertebrate pest management for rationalizing recommendations on rodent/vertebrate pest management for adoption by the State Governments in the country

  • Organized National Workshop on "Current Scenario of Rodenticides and their Future Outlook" on 21-22 February, 2014 involving executives and scientists from Pesticide, Pest management, Poultry industries, ICAR Rodent Research Project, State Agricultural Universities and Central Insecticides Board.

  • Expert for (i) Evaluation of Research Projects and (ii) Referee for National and International Journals on Plant Protection Technology

  • Member of Editorial Board for various Journals.

Technical Reports For Different States/Organizations
  • 2012    Rodent problem in Railway environs of Hyderabad Deccan, Andhra Pradesh

  • 2010    Rodent damage to rice during Kharif, 2010 in West Godavari district, Andhra Pradesh   

                  Bamboo flowering in Nagaland: Issues of Rodent incidence

  • 2008   Rodent problem in Nagaland in context with gregarious bamboo flowering

                  Appraisal report on the MOEF Scheme “Management of Gregarious Flowering of Bamboo in North Eastern India"  in Arunachal                        Pradesh   

                  Appraisal report on the MOEF Scheme “Management of Gregarious Flowering of Bamboo in North Eastern India” in Meghalaya   

                  Appraisal report on the MOEF Scheme “Management of Gregarious Flowering of Bamboo in North Eastern India” in Mizoram

  • 2007   Current rodent situation in Assam in context with Bamboo flowering in the State

                 Regional Plan for Rodent Pest Management in North East India

                 Rodent problem in Kerala: A Technical Analysis and Suggestions for their management

  • 2006  Report on current rodent situation in mizoram with special reference to Champai District, Mizoram

  •           Report of interministerial cnetral team for assessment of the situation in the context of large scale loss of crops due to                                    gregarious flowering of bamboo in Mizoram

  • 2005  Current situation of rodents in Meghalaya

                 Incidence of rodents in Arunachal Pradesh, A Technical Analysis: Suggestions for their management

                 Rodent infestation at Tirumala, Andhra Pradesh: In depth analysis and suggestions for management

  • 2004  Report on the Central Team of Rodent Experts to Manipur to take stock of present situation of rodents in relation to Bamboo                      flowering

  • 1999   Prevention of rat problem in Military Stores

  • 1998   Report on Central Team for on the spot study of rodent situation in relation to bamboo flowering in North-eastern states

                 Rodent problem and its control in flood affected districts of Andhra Pradesh during Kharif, 1997

  • 1997   Rodent control measures for introducing groundnut in Churu, Rajasthan

  • 1995   Rodent problem and its management in Lakshadweep islands

  • 1993   Rodent problem in Cauveri delta districts of Tamilnadu and suggestions for its management

                 Rodent problem in Karaikal region of Pondicherry, Tamilnadu

  • 1992   Rodent problem in Mizoram with special reference to sporadic flowering of bamboo in the state  

  • 1991    Rodent problem in East, West Godavari and Krishna district of Andhra Pradesh

  • 1990   Rodent control measures in Gujarat

  • 1988   Rodent problem and their management at International Crop Research Institute for Semi Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Patancheru,                    Andhra Pradesh                                            

                  Bio-efficacy of Non poisonous sticky traps against commensal rodents around   Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh.

  • 1985    Bioefficacy of Brodifacoum against commensal rodents around Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh.

  • 1984    Joint evaluation of Tem Cat Process of fumigation. CPPTI, Andhra Pradesh Agriculture University, and Deptt. Of                                          Agriculture, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh.

  • 1982   Joint field screening trials of Bromadiolone. Department of Agric., A.P. and CPPTI, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh.

Publications

Scenario of Structural Pest and Vector management 

  • Baits for the control of Indian field mouse, Mus booduga. rao, A.M.K.M., Purushotam, K.R.& Rajabai, B.S.Gray. Ziet. Angew.Zool., 1973, 65 : 163-172.Gray. Ziet. Angew.Zool., 65 : 163-172.

  • Morphological variation in Mus booduga Gray. inhabiting two different habitats. rao, A.M.K.M. & Rajabai, B.S.,  Saug.Mitteil.,1978, 26: 317-320.

  • Adrenal responses to crowding in the spiny field mouse, Mus platythrix. Purushotam,     K.R., rao, A.M.K.M. & Rajabai, B.S., Bennett.Gen. & Comp. Endocrinology, 1978, 36: 439-441.

  • Baits for the control of spiny field mouse Mus platythrix. rao, A.M.K.M. & Purushotam, K.R Angew.  Bennett Ziet Zool., 1979, 66: 337-344.

  • Monthly variation in numbers and reproduction activity of the Indian field mouse, Mus booduga. rao, A.M.K.M., Indian J. Rodentology. 1979, 1: 35-45.

  • Field rats and their population characteristics. rao, A.M.K.M., Telugu J. Sci., 1979, 9:165-169.

  • The distribution of field rodents around Tirupati with a note on their burrowing habits. Purushotam, K.R. & rao, A.M.K.M., Andhra Agric. J. 1979, 26:85-87.

  • Bait shyness among the house mouse, Mus musculus bactrianus to Zinc Phosphide and RH-787. rao, A.M.K.M. & Prakash, I., Indian J. Exptl. Biol, 1980, 18:1490-1492.

  • Demography and hoarding among lesser bandicoot rat, Bandicota bengalensis in Rice fields. rao, A.M.K.M., Saug. Mitteil.,1980, 28: 312-314.

  • Evaluation of bait bases for control of the house mouse, Mus musculus bactrianus Blyth. rao, A.M.K.M. & Prakash, I., Bull. Grain Technol. 1980, 18:111-118.

  • Observation on some microclimatic aspects in the burrows of the Indian field mouse, Mus booduga. rao, A.M.K.M., Saug.  Mitteil. 1980, 28: 310-311.

  • Impact of cyclone on the rodent population of Andhra Pradesh. rao, A.M.K.M., J.Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 1980, 77:526-527.

  • Reproductive biology of spiny field mouse, Mus platythrix. rao, A.M.K.M., Bennett. J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 1981, 78:162-164.

  • Activity and hoarding behaviour of Indian desert gerbil, Meriones hurrianae. rao, A.M.K.M. & Prakash, I., Indian J. Exptl. Biol., 1981, 19:792-793.

  • Diversity among edaphic factors of burrows dwelling agricultural pests. rao, A.M.K.M., Indian J. Plant Prot., 1981, 9:169-172.

  • Comparison of the three methods for rodent damage survey in rice fields. Singh, C.D. & rao, A.M.K.M., Indian J. Plant Prot., 1982, 10: 98-99.

  • Efficacy of crown baiting with warfarin and Bromadiolone against rodents in coconut palms in Krishna District, Andhra Pradesh. rao, A.M.K.M., Melkote, V.L., Subiah, K.S. & Rao A.R. Indian Coconut J. 1984, 5 (1): 6-9.

  • Food composition of the lesser bandicoot rat, Bandicota bengalensis and Indian field mouse, Mus booduga around Tirupati. rao, A.M.K.M., Indian J. Plant Prot., 1983, 11:73-75.

  • Adreno gonadal responses to crowding stress in the Indian field mouse Mus booduga. rao, A.M.K.M. & Purushotam, K.R., Indian J. Comp. Anim.Physiology., 1984, 2:4-7.

  • Field evaluation of Bromadiolone against field and commensal rodents. rao, A.M.K.M., Pest management 1984, 4:11.

  • Evaluation of Tom Cat fumigation. rao, A.M.K.M., Pest management, 1984, 4: 11-12.

  • Rodenticidal evaluation of Zinc phosphide to the house mouse, Mus musculus bactrianus. rao, A.M.K.M. & Prakash I., Indian J. Plant Prot. 1985, 13: 61-63.

  • Crop losses due to rodents: An overview. rao, A.M.K.M. & Joshi, N.C., Indian J. Entomology, 1986, 48(4): 366-371

  • Role of rodents in wildlife management. In: Winter Institute on Wildlife Management. Rao, a.m.k.m, Andhra Univ., Waltair.1986.

  • The present status of rodent control in India. rao, A.M.K.M. & Joshi, N.C., Pesticides 1987, 21: 9-11.

  • Effect of bund dimensions on rodent infestation in irrigated rice fields. Sharma, V.K. & rao, A.M.K.M., IRRI Newsletter 1989, 14 (2) 40.

  • Vertebrate pest management In : 40 years of Plant Protection in India (Ed. D.B. Reddy ) PPAI, Prakash, I. & rao, A.M.K.M., Hyderabad. 1988, 46-56.

  • Changing scenario of rodents in India. In : National Seminar on changing scenario in pest Management in India. (Ed. Rao, M V B and Sharma, H C) Rao, A.M.K.M, Hyderabad, 1992, 203-208.

  • Integrated rodent pest management. In: Rodents in Indian Agriculture (Prakash, I and Ghosh, P.K. Ed.), Rao, A.M.K.M, Scientific Publishers, Jodhpur, 1992, 651-658.

  • The mice Mus. Spp. In : Rodents in Indian Agriculture. (Ed. Prakash, I. And Ghosh, PK) Rao, A.M.K.M & Balasubramanyam, M, Scientific Publishers, Jodhpur, 1992, 147-164.

  • Education and Training. In: Rodents in Indian Agriculture (Ed. I. Prakash and P.K. Ghosh). Jain, A.P & Rao, A.M.K.M, Scientific Publishers, Jodhpur, 1992, 669-674.

  • The construction of sample graph for the detection of warfarin tolerance. Prasad, K.S & Rao, A.M.K.M, J. Agri. Issues, 2000, 5: 83-85.

  • Responses for domestic rodent control by different sociological categories of individuals. Reddy, K.M & Rao, A.M.K.M, Pestology 2000, 24 (11): 42-44.

  • Responses to Non poisonous sticky traps by different consumer bodies in controlling rodent pests.  Reddy, K.M., & Rao, A.M.K.M, IPCA Souvenir 23rd Convention, 2000, 39-42.

  • Rural rodent control in Sichuan Province, PR China. Rao, A.M.K.M  War Against Rats Newsletter, 2002, 13: 5-6.

  • Rodent problems in India and strategies for their management. In: Rats, Mice and People: Rodent Biology and Management (Eds. Singleton, GR., Krebs, CJ and Spratt, DM), Rao, A.M.K.M., ACIAR, Canberra : 2003, 229-232.

  • Current situation of rodent problem in bamboo flowering areas of Manipur. Tripathi, R.S., Rao, A.M.K.M & Pathak, K.A., Rodent Newsletter 2004, 28: 29-31.

  • Rodent management in Godavari delta districts of Andhra Pradesh. Rao, A.M.K.M , Rodent Newsletter 2004, 28: 10-12.

  • Socio-economic impact of rodent control campaigns in Andhra Pradesh. Shivanna, E & Rao, A.M.K.M , Rodent Newsletter 2005, 29: 2-4.

  • Preventive measures for Leptospirosis: Rodent Control. Rao, A.M.K.M , Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology, 2006, 24 (4): 325-328.

  • Eco-friendly Management of Rodents in Crop Protection, In: National Conference on Organic Waste Utilization and Eco-friendly Technologies for Crop Protection. Rao, A.M.K.M , Plant Protection Association of India, Hyderabad, 2007, 28-31.

  • Rodent Pest Management in North East India. Rajendran T.P., Tripathi, R.S., Dutta, B.C., Bora, D.K. & Rao, A.M.K.( Editors), CAZRI, Jodhpur, 2007, p.34

  • Status of bamboo flowering and rodent situation in Meghalaya and Tripura. Rao, A.M.K.M and Tripathi, R.S, Rodent Newsletter 2008, 32: 6-7.

  • Emerging rodent problems in South India and the strategies for their management. Rao, A.M.K.M, Sustainable Agriculture Souvenir, ANGRAU, Hyderabad 2008, 89-96.

  • Field efficacy of castor based repellent – Ecodon on rodent incidence in rice. S.B. Nilesh., Rao, A.M.K.M, Rodent Newsletter 2009, 33: 13-14.

  • Role of pest control Managers in Integrated Rodent Management. Rao, A.M.K.M, IPCA Souvenir 2010, 17-22.

  • Rodents and their management in Andaman and Nicobar islands. Ajantha, B., Tripathi, R.S., Rao, A.M.K.M and Srivastava, R.C., ICAR, Portblair, Technical bulletin 2010, 1-27.

  • Laboratory evaluation of germinated and non germinated grains as rodenticide bait base for control of three rodent species in Cauvery delta, Tamil Nadu, India. Sakthivel, P., Neelanarayanan, P and Rao, A.M.K.M. Pestology 2011, 35 (8): 36-44.

  • Persistence of Ready-to-use zinc phosphide baits vis-vis rodent control success in rice. Rao, A.M.K.M. 2011 Rodent newsletter 35 (3/4): 27-28

  • Rodent control in poultry production. Rao, A.M.K.M., Proc. Intern. Symposium on Emerging Challenges in Poultry Health and Disease Control, Hyderabad, 2012, 113-116.

  • Rodent pest management in poultry farm, feed and hatchery. Singh, D., Bhanja, S.K. and Rao, A.M.K.M., Technical Bulletin, 2012, 1–12 pp., Project Directorate on Poultry, Hyderabad

  • Success story on reduction of Leptospirosis incidence with anti rodent campaigns in Gujarat, Thakar, G., Panelia, S.K., Tripathi, R.S and Rao, A.M.K.M. 2012. Rodent newsletter 36 (1-4): 12-13

  • Performance of different bait stations on bait intake in poultry and other structural environs. Rao, A.M.K.M., Sakthivel, Rao, N.S and VDS Alva. 2013. Egg-Broiler

  • Toxicity, Symptoms of poisoning, first aid and medical treatment for rodenticides. Rao, A.M.K.M. and Reddy, K.M. 2013. Pestology, 37 (10): 44-49.

  • Efficacy of Non Poisonous castor based repellent against wild boar (Sus scrofa)  in sorghum crop around Hyderabad. Sakthivel., Rao, A.M.K.M., Rao, N.S and Reddy, P. 2013. Pestology 37(11): 26-29.

  • Chemicals for the Management of Rodent Pests and Vectors - A compilation of Literature. Rao, A.M.K.M. 2014. FABS, Chevella, 1-421..

  • Proceedings of the Workshop on Current Scenario of Rodenticides and their Future Outlook. Edited by Rao, A.M.K.M. 2014. FABS, ICAR and ANGRAU, Hyderabad, 1-48 pp. 

  • Use of tracking tiles - An effective method for rodent population assessment in structures. N.S. Rao, Sakthivel, Rao, A.M.K.M. and Mayline, T.S. 2014. Pestology, 38(4): 54-57

  • Observations on reduction of Leptospirosis incidence with anti rodent campaigns in Gujarat during 2012. Thakar, G., Panelia, S.K., Rao, N.S. and Rao, A.M.K.M. 2014. Rodent Newsletter 38 (1-4): 4-6.

  • Role of rodents in poultry environs and their management. Rao, A.M.K.M and Sakthivel, P 2015. Journal of Dairy, Veterinary and Animal Research 2(3): 1 - 9.

  • Rodent Pests of Arunachal Pradesh and their Management. Kumawat, M.M., Tripathi, R.S., Toge, R., Pandey, A.K. and rao, A.M.K.M 2016. Technical Bulletin 34, Central Agricultural University, Pasighat, Arunachal Pradesh, 1-72.

  • Current Status of Urban Pest Management in India. Mohan Rao A. M. K. 2016, Pestology 40 (12): 42-45

  • Trends of vector borne diseases in the west and likely climate impact. Rao, A.M.K.M 2017  International Pest Control 59 (4): 202-204

      

      Scenario of Structural pest and vector management in civic bodies of India. Rao, A.M.K.M. and Reddy, K.M. 2018. Savounir, Indian Pest Control Association, New Delhi, 10-14​.

 

Perspectives in rodents in human habitations and their management: Issues and Solutions. A.M.K.Mohan Rao. 2018. Pestology 42 (10): 25-28.

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